Inhabitants of the sparsely populated suburbs outside of Canada’s big cities consider access to a private automobile not just convenient but, sometimes, essential.
Dependence on the automobile increased from 1992 to 2005. According to data from the General Social Survey on time use, the proportion of people aged 18 and older who went everywhere by car on the reference day—as drivers or passengers—rose from 68% in 1992 to 74% in 2005.
Conversely, the proportion of Canadians 18 and older who made at least one trip by bicycle or on foot declined from 25% in 1998 to 19% in 2005.
Suburban men, people aged 45 to 54, and people with children aged 5 to 12